Skip to main content


Cognitive Bias

Cognitive bias refers to a systematic pattern of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment. It happens when our brains use mental shortcuts to process information and make decisions quickly and efficiently. While these shortcuts are often helpful, they can also lead to inaccurate judgments and flawed thinking. Cognitive biases are not random errors but predictable patterns in how we think. They can lead to judgments that are not based on logic or evidence. We are often unaware of how biases influence our thinking. Common cognitive biases are: Confirmation bias Confirmation bias refers to our tendency to favor information that supports our existing beliefs, while ignoring or downplaying information that contradicts them. We tends to filter out information that doesn't fit our beliefs and we get a skewed and incomplete picture of the world. When making choices, we're more likely to consider evidence that aligns with our existing views, potentially leading to suboptima

History of Entertainment

Entertainment can be understood in a few different ways. Broad Definition : Activity or experience that holds the attention and interest of an audience or gives pleasure and delight. This encompasses a vast range of experiences, from watching a movie to playing a game to attending a concert. Functional Definition : A way to escape from the day-to-day routines and stressors of life. Entertainment provides a break from responsibilities and allows us to relax, recharge, and enjoy ourselves. Social Definition : A shared activity or experience that brings people together. Entertainment can be a powerful tool for fostering social connection and creating shared memories. Psychological Definition : An activity that evokes emotions and engages our cognitive faculties. Entertainment can be exciting, funny, thought-provoking, or even scary, depending on the type of experience it provides. The history of entertainment is a fascinating journey through human creativity and technological innovat

Science of Aging

The science of aging seeks to understand the biological processes that underlie the changes we experience as we get older. There are many different theories about why we age, but some of the most popular are the free radical theory, the telomere theory and the epigenetic theory. The free radical theory Free radicals are molecules with an unpaired electron, making them highly reactive and unstable. They arise naturally in our bodies during activities like metabolism and energy production. While some free radicals play beneficial roles like signaling and defending against pathogens, the majority are harmful. These rogue molecules react with other molecules in our cells, stealing electrons to stabilize themselves. This "stealing" process can damage proteins, DNA, and lipids, leading to various consequences like: Oxidative stress: This refers to the imbalance between free radicals and antioxidants (molecules that neutralize them). Chronic oxidative stress can damage cell str

Wisdom of the Upanishads

The Upanishads are a collection of philosophical and religious texts that are considered the essence of Hinduism. They are believed to have been composed between 800 BCE and 500 BCE, and they deal with a wide range of topics, including the nature of reality, the self, the soul, and liberation. The Upanishads are not a single text, but rather a collection of over 200 different works. They are written in Sanskrit, and they vary in length from a few verses to several chapters. The Upanishads are traditionally seen as the culmination of the Vedas, the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. The Upanishads have had a profound influence on Indian thought and culture. They have been the source of inspiration for many Hindu philosophers and religious teachers. They have also been influential in the development of other Indian religions, such as Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. The Upanishads tackle a vast array of profound questions, ranging from the macrocosmic to the microcosmic, exploring reality,

Wisdom of Stoicism

Stoicism is a philosophy of life developed by Zeno of Citium in the early 3rd century BC. It is a system of thought that teaches that the only things that are truly good are virtue and vice. So we should not be attached to external things like wealth, health, or pleasure, as they are outside of our control and can therefore be taken away from us at any time. Instead, we should focus on developing our own character and living in accordance with reason. The four cardinal virtues of Stoicism are: Wisdom : This is the virtue of using reason and logic to make good decisions. Wisdom helps us to understand the world around us and to live in accordance with nature. Courage : This is the virtue of facing our fears and doing what is right, even when it is difficult. Courage helps us to overcome challenges and to live a meaningful life. Justice : This is the virtue of treating others fairly and with respect. Justice helps us to build strong relationships and to create a just society. Temper

Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to a massive network of physical devices embedded with sensors, software, and connectivity that allows them to collect, send, and receive data through the internet or other communication networks. The key elements in IoT are: Devices : These are the "things" in the Internet of Things. They can range from simple devices like connected thermostats to complex machines like industrial robots. Sensors : These are the eyes and ears of the IoT devices. They collect data about the device's environment, such as temperature, pressure, movement, or even air quality. Software : The brain of the IoT device. It processes the data collected by the sensors and makes decisions based on it. It can also communicate with other devices and cloud platforms. Connectivity : The network that allows the IoT devices to communicate. It can be Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, cellular networks, or any other communication protocol. Data Platforms : The data collected by the


Democracy is a system of government where power is vested in the people. The word itself comes from the ancient Greek words "demos" (people) and "kratos" (rule), essentially meaning "rule by the people." Representative democracy is the most common form of democracy in today's world. In repreentative democracy instead of directly voting on every issue, citizens choose representatives to act on their behalf in legislative bodies. These representatives are supposed to reflect the views and interests of their constituents. 2024 is shaping up to be a massive year for elections globally, with at least 64 countries and the European Union scheduled to hold national elections. This represents almost half the world's population heading to the polls, making it a year with potentially significant consequences for international relations, economies, and human rights. Some of the key elections to watch include: USA : The election will likely be fought on a ra